Is there a way to get functionality similar to
mkdir -p on the shell from within Python. I'm looking for a solution other than the call of the system If the code is short than 20 lines then i'm wondering if anybody has already written it?
For Python ≥ 3.5, use
import pathlib pathlib.Path("/tmp/path/to/desired/directory").mkdir(parents=True, exist_ok=True)
exist_ok parameter was added in Python 3.5.
For Python ≥ 3.2,
os.makedirs has an optional third argument
exist_ok that, when
True , enables the
mkdir -p functionality— unless
mode is provided and the existing directory has different permissions than the intended ones; in that case,
OSError is raised as previously.
import os os.makedirs("/tmp/path/to/desired/directory", exist_ok=True)
For even older versions of Python you can use
os.makedirs and ignore the error.
import errno import os def mkdir_p(path): try: os.makedirs(path) except OSError as exc: # Python ≥ 2.5 if exc.errno == errno.EEXIST and os.path.isdir(path): pass # possibly handle other errno cases here, otherwise finally: else: raise